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Struts2+Hibernate使用Full Hibernate Plugin集成

在上篇 Struts2 + Hibernate集成 实例中, 它使用 servlet 上下文监听 Hibernate 的 Session,而且把Struts2和Hibernate框架集成。

但是,总有一些东西要提高。在本在线教程中,我们将展示如何整合Struts2+Hibernate,并使用Struts2一个名为“Full Hibernate Plugin“的插件。

见下面的集成步骤:
  1. 把 “Full Hibernate Plugin” jar 放入到工程类路径。
  2. 使用 “@SessionTarget” 注释来注入到 Hibernate session; 当“@TransactionTarget” 注释注入到Hibernate 事务。
  3. 在 struts.xml, 让包扩展 “hibernate-default“,而不是默认的堆栈。

看看下面的关系:

Struts 2 <-- (Full Hibernate Plugin) ---> Hibernate <-----> Database
注,
本在线教程是从以前的 Struts2 + Hibernate集成 实例(servlet context listener)更新版本。因此,JSP 和 Hibernate 配置基本相同,只是整合的部分是有点不同,尝试比较既能发现不同。

1. 工程结构

在节在线教程,我们创建一个工程名为 full-hibernate 的web工程。看看这个项目文件夹的完整结构。

2. MySQL创建表脚本

Customer表结构

CREATE TABLE `customer` (
  `customer_id` bigint(20) unsigned NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT,
  `name` varchar(45) NOT NULL,
  `address` varchar(255) NOT NULL,
  `create_date` datetime NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY (`customer_id`)
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=2 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

3. Hibernate相关配置

所有 Hibernate 的模型和配置的东西。

Customer.java – 为customer 表创建一个类。

package com.yiibai.customer.model;

import java.util.Date;

public class Customer implements java.io.Serializable {

	private Long customerId;
	private String name;
	private String address;
	private Date createdDate;

	//getter and setter methods
}

Customer.hbm.xml – Hibernate 的 customer 表映射。

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-mapping PUBLIC "-//Hibernate/Hibernate Mapping DTD 3.0//EN"
"http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-mapping-3.0.dtd">
<!-- Generated 20 Julai 2010 11:40:18 AM by Hibernate Tools 3.2.5.Beta -->
<hibernate-mapping>
    <class name="com.yiibai.customer.model.Customer" 
		table="customer" catalog="yiibai">
        <id name="customerId" type="java.lang.Long">
            <column name="CUSTOMER_ID" />
            <generator class="identity" />
        </id>
        <property name="name" type="string">
            <column name="NAME" length="45" not-null="true" />
        </property>
        <property name="address" type="string">
            <column name="ADDRESS" not-null="true" />
        </property>
        <property name="createdDate" type="timestamp">
            <column name="CREATED_DATE" length="19" not-null="true" />
        </property>
    </class>
</hibernate-mapping>

文件: hibernate.cfg.xml, Hibernate 数据库配置

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE hibernate-configuration PUBLIC
"-//Hibernate/Hibernate Configuration DTD 3.0//EN"
"http://hibernate.sourceforge.net/hibernate-configuration-3.0.dtd">
<hibernate-configuration>
  <session-factory>
    <property name="hibernate.bytecode.use_reflection_optimizer">false</property>
    <property name="hibernate.connection.password">password</property>
    <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost:3306/yiibai</property>
    <property name="hibernate.connection.username">root</property>
    <property name="hibernate.dialect">org.hibernate.dialect.MySQLDialect</property>
    <property name="show_sql">true</property>
    <property name="format_sql">true</property>
    <property name="use_sql_comments">false</property>
    <mapping resource="com/yiibai/customer/hibernate/Customer.hbm.xml" />
  </session-factory>
</hibernate-configuration>

5. DAO

实现DAO设计模式执行数据库操作。在 CustomerDAOImpl 类, 声明Hibernate会话和事务为类成员。在Struts 2的项目初始化, “Full Hibernate Plugin” 使用 @SessionTarget 和 @TransactionTarget 分别标注将注入相应的 Hibernate 会话和事务成为类成员。

CustomerDAO.java

package com.yiibai.customer.dao;

import java.util.List;

import com.yiibai.customer.model.Customer;
 
public interface CustomerDAO{
	
	void addCustomer(Customer customer);
	
	List<Customer> listCustomer();
	
}

CustomerDAOImpl.java

package com.yiibai.customer.dao.impl;

import java.util.List;

import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.Transaction;

import com.googlecode.s2hibernate.struts2.plugin.annotations.SessionTarget;
import com.googlecode.s2hibernate.struts2.plugin.annotations.TransactionTarget;
import com.yiibai.customer.dao.CustomerDAO;
import com.yiibai.customer.model.Customer;
 
public class CustomerDAOImpl implements CustomerDAO{
	
	@SessionTarget
	Session session;
	     
	@TransactionTarget
	Transaction transaction;
	
	//add the customer
	public void addCustomer(Customer customer){
		
		session.save(customer);
		
	}
	
	//return all the customers in list
	public List<Customer> listCustomer(){
		
		return session.createQuery("from Customer").list();
		
	}
	
}

6. Action

在Action类,调用DAO类来执行数据库操作。

CustomerAction.java

package com.yiibai.customer.action;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

import com.yiibai.customer.dao.CustomerDAO;
import com.yiibai.customer.dao.impl.CustomerDAOImpl;
import com.yiibai.customer.model.Customer;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ModelDriven;
 
public class CustomerAction extends ActionSupport 
	implements ModelDriven{

	Customer customer = new Customer();
	List<Customer> customerList = new ArrayList<Customer>();
	CustomerDAO customerDAO = new CustomerDAOImpl();
	
	public String execute() throws Exception {
		return SUCCESS;
	}

	public Object getModel() {
		return customer;
	}
	
	public List<Customer> getCustomerList() {
		return customerList;
	}

	public void setCustomerList(List<Customer> customerList) {
		this.customerList = customerList;
	}

	//save customer
	public String addCustomer() throws Exception{
		
		//save it
		customer.setCreatedDate(new Date());
		customerDAO.addCustomer(customer);
	 
		//reload the customer list
		customerList = null;
		customerList = customerDAO.listCustomer();
		
		return SUCCESS;
	
	}
	
	//list all customers
	public String listCustomer() throws Exception{
		
		customerList = customerDAO.listCustomer();
		
		return SUCCESS;
	
	}
	
}

7. JSP 页面

JSP页面添加并列出客户。

customer.jsp

<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>
<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>
<html>
<head>
</head>
 
<body>
<h1>Struts 2 Full Hibernate Plugin example</h1>

<h2>Add Customer</h2>
<s:form action="addCustomerAction" >
  <s:textfield name="name" label="Name" value="" />
  <s:textarea name="address" label="Address" value="" cols="50" rows="5" />
  <s:submit />
</s:form>

<h2>All Customers</h2>

<s:if test="customerList.size() > 0">
<table border="1px" cellpadding="8px">
	<tr>
		<th>Customer Id</th>
		<th>Name</th>
		<th>Address</th>
		<th>Created Date</th>
	</tr>
	<s:iterator value="customerList" status="userStatus">
		<tr>
			<td><s:property value="customerId" /></td>
			<td><s:property value="name" /></td>
			<td><s:property value="address" /></td>
			<td><s:date name="createdDate" format="dd/MM/yyyy" /></td>
		</tr>
	</s:iterator>
</table>
</s:if>
<br/>
<br/>

</body>
</html>

8. struts.xml

链接所有〜让包扩展 “hibernate-default” 来代替 “struts-default“.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<!DOCTYPE struts PUBLIC
"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"
"http://struts.apache.org/dtds/struts-2.0.dtd">
 
<struts>
  <constant name="struts.devMode" value="true" />
 	
  <package name="default" namespace="/" extends="hibernate-default">
		
    <action name="addCustomerAction" 
	class="com.yiibai.customer.action.CustomerAction" method="addCustomer" >
       <result name="success">pages/customer.jsp</result>
    </action>
	
    <action name="listCustomerAction" 
	class="com.yiibai.customer.action.CustomerAction" method="listCustomer" >
        <result name="success">pages/customer.jsp</result>
    </action>
		
</package>	
</struts>

9. 实例

访问以下网址 : http://localhost:8080/full-hibernate/addCustomerAction.action

参考

  1. Struts2 Full Hibernate插件文档
  2. Struts2 + Hibernate集成实例
  3. 安装库到Maven本地资源库

下载代码

下载所有源代码 – http://pan.baidu.com/s/1o6tjSam