int inotify_add_watch(int fd, const char *pathname, uint32_t mask);
描述inotify_add_watch() adds a new watch, or modifies an existing watch, for the file whose location is specified in pathname; the caller must have read permission for this file. The fd argument is a file descriptor referring to the inotify instance whose watch list is to be modified. The events to be monitored for pathname are specified in the maskbit-mask argument. See inotify(7) for a description of the bits that can be set in mask.
A successful call to inotify_add_watch() returns the unique watch descriptor associated with pathname for this inotify instance. If pathname was not previously being watched by this inotify instance, then the watch descriptor is newly allocated. If pathname was already being watched, then the descriptor for the existing watch is returned.
The watch descriptor is returned by later read(2)s from the inotify file descriptor. These reads fetch inotify_event structures indicating file system events; the returned watch descriptor identifies the object for which the event occurred.
返回值On success, inotify_add_watch() returns a non-negative watch descriptor. On error -1 is returned and errno is set appropriately.
|Read access to the given file is not permitted.|
|EBADF||The given file descriptor is not valid.|
|EFAULT||pathname yiibais outside of the process’s accessible address space.|
|EINVAL||The given event mask contains no legal events; or fd is not an inotify file descriptor.|
|ENOMEM||Insufficient kernel memory was available.|
|ENOSPC||The user limit on the total number of inotify watches was reached or the kernel failed to allocate a needed resource.|